A small part of eyeball is exposed to air, chemical or industrial setting directly. So the eye has the risk of getting eye infection from bacteria, fungi, viruses, chemical drugs and so on.
Eye infections can occur in different parts of the eye, for example conjunctiva or eyelid. Two of the most common eye infections are conjunctivitis and stye. These eye infections can affect just one eye or both eyes. Conjunctivitis is also called pink eye or red eye. It is an eye infection of the conjunctiva, which is the thin transparent layer that lines the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye, due to the infection by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or sometimes the eye infection is associated with contact lens use. The symptoms of this kind of eye infections include redness, itching, swelling, pain or other vision problems. Infectious type of eye infections can spread easily. In this case, it is extremely important to wash hands frequently, and do not share things that connected with eyes directly, for example, towels, face cloths or eye drops.
In most eye infection case, conjunctivitis usually doesn’t cause damage to the eyesight, but some eye infections can cause serious vision problems or even blindness. So it is important to seek medical advice when an eye infection occurred. Treatment for this eye infection can be eye drops, ointments, antibiotics or compresses depending on the cause.
Styp is another common eye infection, which is a bump on the eyelid when bacteria get into the hair follicle of the eyelash. Other types of eye infections include herpes zoster or shingles and herpes simplex infection.